WEC India Energy Handbook 2019

WEC India has developed an App version of 'WEC India Energy Handbook 2019', a single source of comprehensive statistics on global as well as Indian energy sector. The handbook is conceptualized as a ready eference for the energy community in the country.  

The App version of the handbook is formally launched on 15th April, 2019 by Hon’ble Secretary (Power)/ Chairman (WEC India) Shri A.K. Bhalla. The meeting was attended by CMD, NTPC/Secretary General (WEC India), CMD NHPC, CMD PFC, CMD REC (Addl. Charge), CMD POWERGRID (Addl. Charge), MD EESL and senior officers from BHEL, GAIL, PTC, SECI, CII & FICCI.  

What's New

Launched by Hon’ble Secretary (Power)/ Chairman (WEC India) Shri A. K. Bhalla on 15th April, 2019.


Hosted by the United Arab Emirates, the 24th edition of the World Energy Congress will be held from 9-12 September 2019 on the theme "ENERGY FOR PROSPERITY"

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Expert Speak

Electricity is a very important and rather I would may rephrase “The important” ingredient in the cog of the wheel of any nation's progress.  If you go back 300-400 years back, when the Industrial  Revolution started, a lot of that was  jumpstarted by electricity at I think now that India has arrived on the global stage and much of that arrival though due to entrepreneurship capabilities also has in it, a hidden capacity of the fact that we have been able to provision and increase our generation capacity manifold of the last many decades. Very few of us know this and  I did not know this until I was given this opportunity to head this department that when when India gained independence, she only had a generation capacity of 1.4 GW and today from that 1400 MW capacity until the threshold of transformation of the new India, which started under the leadership of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, when he was Finance Minister in 1991, India grew from 1400 MW to 65000 MW until 1991.

Now that is an exponential growth over 45 years . But the generation we need to ask ourselves, is that enough and certainly the answer to that is no. and therefore within the short period of 20-25 years from 1991 till date we have gone from 65 GW to close  to 210 GW. Of that 210 GW close to about 55 GW has been contributed in the last 5 years. of those  5 years of 55 GW capacity, 20 GW is being  contributed only in the last single financial year and  therefore we are on very very  firm  trajectory . But let me say this that trajectory is not without its in comparences. That trajectory is not without hindrances that trajectory is not without its obstacles and yes the power sector is facing obstacles today. Issue of  coal supply,  issue of gas supply, issue  of insuring that the value chain across the board from generation to transmission to distribution to the last  mile not only in terms of the dollar/rupee of revenue travelling that value chain but actually all travels back up that value chain to make its profitable enterprise. So with this context,  with this backdrop the concept of electricity to all, and in my scheme of thinking I always through of electricity as triple A strategy. The triple A strategy  of Accessibility, affordability and adequate power supply and today when we are talking about the last part of the value chain which is a really the distribution and end to value chain, the last mile part  of that  value chain that has to a concerted effort between the Central Govt. and  State Govts. to make that a reality.

As Electricity is in a federal structure not something which is purely mandated and under the control of the Central govt. but it has to be working at,  along with all stakeholders and  for stake holders are the private and public generators ,public and  private transmitters  and as well as discoms, the last mile connectivity the consumers at the financers and therefore for that last mile connectivity, we believe that the it cannot be the state governments provide for that alone it has to be a concerted effort between the State Govt. and Central Govt., the RGGVY for the rural sector, which we looked at village electrification down to the last mile, connectivity, lowering of AT &C losses, to make sure that BPL households are connected.  In 11th Plan our target was to connect 1.06 lakh villages close to about 1.75 crore BPL households, we exceeded that target by connecting 1.07 lakh village and  1.95 crore BPL households.  But the game has to change and the bar has to be set higher. The PM in his address  talked about electricity for all and therefore in the 12th Plan, we have a new thought to RGGVY where  we want to connect each BPL household which is left which means we have work out for ourselves, we need to still connect  88000 villages. We still need to connect  to 2.75 BPL  households.

But at the same time, the issue that I talked about in confronting  the sector. The health of the distribution companies the financial viability of those distribution companies is extremely important  to ensure that we are able to  reduce AT&C  losses. The average AT& C losses in the country is close to 25% today. Some States are about close to about  42-43% and others  are  close to about 14-15%. 

Its competent to set convergence along that  wavelength. My target is to be able to achieve 15% AT&C losses over the next 2-3 years .  For that we have an APDRP schemes, Restructured APDRP when Govt. of India has connected about 30000 Crores, close to 10 billion dollars, where  we are looking at. Bringing in IT to resolve this issue of AT & C losses and  the only analogy that I can give you is,  if I put an earlier hat of  Telecom Minister, the system of  telecom billing, software and  IT is used as an enabler to be able to provide transparency, credible billing system is something that we are using even  in the energy space, electricity space through APDRP.

So the whole convergence  of the Govt of India with the State Govts., viability of discoms is  extremely important. We are putting together a financial restructuring package as we have package for close to about 6-7 states which today there short term liability and  long term liability close  to about 1.70 lakh crores. To bring them back on the track of financial sustainability, that can only happen if those state govt. themselves also a  shoulder part of the responsibility. The time for subsidies is over because we have had scheme like  this before, 10 years ago which has not  worked.

It will only work when ownership is felt by every stakeholder and that's what we plan to bring their to new financial returning package that we are thinking  of. It encompasses  the liability of 1.10 lakh  crores, 50% will be scheduled/re-scheduled which to banks, 50% will have to taken on by state govt in to their own books and  I as  Energy Minister  in the Govt. of India do not have problem for a  certain set of consumers, but  I would certainly would wish that subsidy program must be ran on the balance sheet of State Govt. at certainly not the balance sheet of that State’s distribution company and therefore if we bring that viability to the fore, and through this podium , I must also profess I had a meeting of all state ministers of power two days ago. We spend 91/2 hours deliberating on many issues.  There is a concerted consensus  to building ourselves towards that target of tremendous, incredibility for the first  time, after many years close to about 85% of all state governments have revised tariffs. We want to ensure  that this is not a once in a blue moon exercise but an annual exercise , we want to make sure that investment in distribution, investment in transmission brought to bay. At the central level, we are building a huge transmission network. By January 2014, India will probably have one of the largest transmission networks in the world. We are  connecting the Southern Grid into the five other regions. We will be able to transmit today 28 GW, in another five years close to 66 GW inter-regional transmission of power. Therefore  the exchange of energy also becomes an important factor, the trading of energy becomes an important factor. So, when we look at the energy sector in India, when we look at the power sector in India, it has to be looked at an multi polarity basis, multi state basis and all of them has to come together and jell together for us to be able to embark on our strategy of ensuring electricity for all. We have a tremendous demand ,which needs to be met. By 2013, India will require close to about 800 GW of power, but in order to be able to sustain that each strategic  business unit within that value chain must be viable and profitable independently. Generation, Transmission and Distribution we are also trying to put forward the issue of coal linkages, we have cleared out many of the issues which were hindrances in the FAC’s that need to be signed, with the coal ministry and Coal India Ltd. Much of their disparities between the private sector and public sector have been completely ironed out. Coal India  has also agreed  for third party audit of quality. Post September  2013, all of this will be part of their FACs. We are looking at getting close to  about 60 GW  FACs signed. As on date, we have signed 20 GW , we have another  40 GW to go, out of which NTPC alone is about 13- 14 GW, if I am not mistaken. So therefore, we have started moving  down that path of ensuring viability across the value chain. I  think, this is a sector which needs tremendous amount of investment , both domestically and internationally. Tomorrow  morning I am meeting with all the financial institutions across the country. I have put together  advisory group for the power sector which comprises of IPPs in the generation, transmission and  distribution space, advisers of Govt. of India, advisers from the private sector, so that we can have a holistic view going forward. I personally have a runway of 13 months, but certainly I have targets that I have put myself to within those 13 months capacity. All I can promise you today  in that, we in Govt. of India, Ministry of Power along with my colleagues in the Cabinet will put a best foot forward to make sure that  this sector in India, which is a necessary sector not only for the industry, not only for the public at large, but for the marginalized. The UPA govt. has  very important philosophy  of inclusive growth  and therefore to be able to provide power in an inclusive basis across the length and breadth of country, is a priority of my Govt. and my Ministry.

 

 

 

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Household Energy Demand

The Non-commercial sources of energy like fuel wood, agricultural waste and animal dung are majorly used for cooking energy  by households in India. IEP has projected  the Demand Scenario of Various Energy Items for Household Consumption in India assuming that income distribution in rural and urban areas remain log-normal with consumption and the pattern of fuel use for a particular monthly per capita consumption expenditure class remains the same as observed in the year  1999-2000. The projections are summarised below.

IEP Demand Scenario for Household Energy
YearFire WoodElectricityDung CakeKeroseneLPG
UnitMtoeMtoeMtoeMtoeMtoe
200079.628.4329.6010.006.42
200688.6418.1036.9012.6015.80
201194.1127.1040.4014.0023.90
201698.4438.3041.9014.8033.10
2021102.0050.3041.7015.1041.60
2026104.6061.3040.9015.1048.10
2031106.3069.7040.4015.1052.20

Impact of the RGGVY scheme, which targets provision of electricity to all by the year 2009-10, will alter the demand for electricity. To account for this impact, household demands are projected from 2009-10 onwards using the energy use pattern of only those households in the NSS 55th round sample(1999-2000), which had electricity. Looking at the table given below, household demand for firewood, chips and dung cake increases from around 109 Mtoe in 2000 to around 131 Mtoe in 2031. The kerosene consumption is not significantly affected by electrification whereas the consumption of dung goes down. The use of LPG for cooking will increase over time. Apart from being used as household fuel, non-commercial energy is also used in the unorganised small and cottage sector for end-uses such as brick kilns, pottery, jaggery, etc. It is estimated that such consumption of non-commercial fuels was around 23.5 Mtoe in 2003-04. With easier availability of coal, gas and fuel oil growth in this segment is projected to be a sluggish 3.0% per annum. Use of non-commercial energy by the unorganised sector is thus expected to reach 54 Mtoe by 2031-32. Hence, the goal of IEP is  to progressively substitute these traditional fuels with cleaner and more convenient fuels.

Imapct of Electrification on Household Energy Consumption
YearFire WoodElectricityDung CakeKeroseneL.P.G.
UnitMtoeMtoeMtoeMtoeMtoe
201187.931.131.013.125.2
201692.642.532.213.834.3
202196.954.831.413.942.4
2026100.066.130.013.848.5
2031102.074.829.113.752.4

 

Additional information